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DETROIT (ChurchMilitant.com) - Spiegel Online reported on Wednesday that approximately 58,000 women and girls in Germany have been victims of female genital mutilation (FGM) and that an additional 13,000 girls in the country are at risk. These numbers are from the women's rights, non-profit Terre des Femmes. Terre de Femmes gave the following comment to Spiegel, "Due to the influx from countries such as Eritrea, Somalia and Iraq, we are seeing an enormous increase in the number of women and vulnerable girls affected."
The Muslim population in Europe has risen to above 5 percent, with Germany taking more Muslim refugees than any other European country. The Muslim population in Germany is projected to rise to 7 percent by 2030. By contrast, the Muslim population is still 1 percent in the United States. The U.S. cities of Dearborn and Hamtramck have Muslim populations of 3.6 percent, the highest in the nation. Dearborn was the site of the FGM arrests which took place in April.
UNICEF says there are 200 million women affected around the world. In Canada, the Global Affairs Ministry recently told the Toronto Star that the Canadian government "recognizes that female genital mutilation/cutting is one of the most severe violations of the human rights of women and girls," however, they do not "have a specific category to track cases" and that they are "not aware of any updated statistics on the issue of Canadian girls at risk."
In the wake of the United States' first prosecution of FGM, Michigan is cranking up penalties for the Muslim practice. On July 11, Gov. Rick Snyder (R-Mich.) signed into law a package of bills tripling the federal sentence of five years to 15 under state law, which will take effect in October.
"Those who commit these horrendous crimes should be held accountable for their actions, and these bills stiffen the penalties for offenders while providing additional support to victims," Snyder said. "This legislation is an important step toward eliminating this despicable practice in Michigan while empowering victims to find healing and justice."
One of the first anti-FGM bills was introduced by Rep. Michele Hoitenga in April. Hoitenga represents District 102 and introduced the bill after the arrests of Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, Fakhruddin Attar and his wife Farida Attar for performing FGM on girls between the ages of six to eight. The arrests kicked off the first prosecution of FGM in the history of the United States.
Opponents of the anti-FGM legislation include Rep. Abdullah Hammoud, a Muslim who represents Dearborn, which has the largest Muslim population in the United States. The crimes took place and arrests were made in Dearborn.
Regarding the connection between Sharia law and FGM, Hammoud said, "As a Muslim, I can tell you that I'm not aware of a fundamentalist version or another version that encourages female genital mutilation. That's just not a thing."
But Sharia scholar Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, chairman of the International Union of Muslim Scholars, in a statement on female circumcision said that "circumcision is better for a woman's health, and it enhances her conjugal relation with her husband."
This ruling continues, "I personally support this under the current circumstances in the modern world. But whoever chooses not to do it is not considered to have committed a sin for it is mainly meant to dignify women."
In June, Church Militant reported that the two doctors arrested for FGM in Dearborn may have performed this procedure on up to 100 girls, according to Assistant U.S. Attorney Sara Woodward while speaking to a federal judge.
"Due to the secretive nature of this procedure, we are unlikely to ever know how many children were cut by Dr. (Jumana) Nagarwala," said Woodward. "The Minnesota victims were not the first victims."
Woodward said the estimate of the number of victims was based on Attar's admission that he let Nagarwala use his facility six times a year. The remarks were made while Woodward was making the case to U.S. District Judge Bernard Friedman for the Attars to remain locked up. Friedman instead released the Attars and placed them on house arrest with GPS tethers and on the condition that they surrender their passports.
The doctors on trial are mounting a defense based on religious liberty, claiming their sect practices FGM as part of its religion. Alan Dershowitz of Harvard is offering legal advice to the doctors, and the American Civil Liberties Union is opposing bills in other states criminalizing FGM.