The Federal Constitutional Court ruled that the government must recognize a third gender alongside male and female. This third option will likely be listed as either "various" or "inter."
This third gender category is meant to accommodate persons with various biological conditions which in the view of some seem to blur the line between male and female.
Some fear that this ruling could be used to chip away at the complementarity of the sexes — already so threatened by homosexuality, transgenderism, divorce, contraception and other aspects of the sexual revolution's fallout.
LGBTQ activists are celebrating the German court's decision. They perceive it as helping to dismantle the traditional belief that there are only two sexes, male and female.
The term "intersex" refers to a whole host of hormonal, chromosomal and anatomical disorders, ranging from an abnormal number of sex chromosomes, minor bodily features resembling the opposite sex, certain kinds of infertility, oddly-shaped and oddly-sized organs, dysfunctional organs, the absence of some organs, having organs from both sexes and having female organs despite male (XY) chromosomes.
Activist groups often use these unusual conditions to subvert the traditional understanding of gender as either male or female. They construct three kinds of intersex, based on what gender the person chooses to make their own: male intersex, female intersex and non-binary intersex.
Answering the intersex question in debate can thus be very difficult, as it's actually answering a dozen or more separate questions.
In the past, some of the conditions today labelled "intersex" were often addressed during infancy with surgery and/or hormonal therapy.