Part II of a series. Read Part I.
Last week, we began looking at the four marks of the Catholic Church; that is, that She is one. Today we'll look at the second mark, namely, that the Church is holy. Before we do, however, we need to define the origin of the Church a little more deeply.
Have you ever wondered why the Catholic Church refers to Herself as the Mystical Body of Christ? It comes from Sacred Scripture. Saint Paul repeatedly refers to the Church as the Body of Christ (cf. I Corinthians 12:12), but in order to understand why he does so, as well as its significance, we need to focus on Paul's own conversion (Acts 9:1–6).
Saint Paul, who prior to his conversion was called Saul, was a Pharisee and persecutor of Christians. At the time of his conversion, Saul was on his way to Damascus to arrest Christians when Jesus appeared to him in his glorified state:
Now as he journeyed he approached Damascus, and suddenly a light from Heaven flashed about him. And he fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to him, 'Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?' And he said, 'Who are you, Lord?' And he said, 'I am Jesus whom you are persecuting'" (Acts 9:3–5).
This encounter with Jesus apparently formed St. Paul's theology on the Church. Paul saw the Church as a divine institution, with Jesus as its head and we as its members. Indeed, Paul saw that Jesus Christ and His Church are one and the same. Notice that Jesus didn't ask, "Why do you persecute My followers?" or "Why do you persecute My Church?" He asked, "Why do you persecute Me?"
Jesus had ascended into Heaven long before St. Paul met Jesus on the road to Damascus, so Paul couldn't have been persecuting Jesus. The persecution was of His followers. But that isn't what Jesus says. Christ's words are clearly indicative that to persecute His followers is to persecute Him. This is why St. Paul taught that we are members of the Body of Christ — the Church — and He is its head. Paul understood that Jesus and His Church are one.
Since Jesus and His Church are one, and since Jesus is God — the second Person of the Trinity — then the Catholic Church is a living, breathing divine body. For a body to live, it must have a soul. The soul of the Church is the Holy Spirit, the third Person of the Trinity. This is why we can say a true mark of the Catholic Church is that She is holy.
The Church teaches holy doctrine and gives Her members the means of living holy lives, thus producing saints in every age (Ephesians 5:25–27). The founders of other churches — Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Wesley, etc. — were but men, and in no way remarkable for heroic virtue. Our founder is Jesus Christ, God Himself, the author and very definition of virtue.
The Catholic Church is holy, because of Her intimate union with Christ as His Bride (Ephesians 5:23–32) and His Mystical Body (I Corinthians 12:27; Ephesians 1:22; 4:12; 5:30). Catholics are a "chosen people" because they are branches of the true Vine, Jesus Christ (John 15:5). Although individual people outside Her fold may, through invincible ignorance, be members of the Church in desire, and thus share in Her divine life, their churches are "cast forth as a branch and withers" (John 15:6).
Yes, a mark of the Church is holiness, but does that mean we are all holy or that the leaders of the Church on the various levels are holy? No, not necessarily. We're certainly all called to holiness (Matthew 5:48), but we are humans who often "fail the test."
For decades, the Church has been ridden with scandals. Perhaps the biggest one has been the priest sex abuse scandal. Many, both in and out of the Catholic Church, have pointed to that scandal and claimed loudly that this is proof that the Church is not holy. That is simply not true, and nobody demonstrates this better than St. Francis of Assisi.
It's said that St. Francis once came into a town to preach on its streets. He quickly learned that the people weren't attending Holy Mass in the town's only parish church. When he asked them why, they dragged the parish priest out before him — along with his paramour and three illegitimate children. While they berated the unfaithful priest, St. Francis quietly got down on his knees before the priest. He stayed in that position until the crowd grew silent. Then, barely above a whisper, St. Francis said, "Whether he is good for his own soul I do not know, but my soul needs him."
Saint Francis understood that the priest could be steeped in mortal sin, but it was only through him that the saint could receive the sacraments — as Jesus had established. As we will learn in future articles, Jesus established the sacraments so we can become holy, and He gave us the only avenue for administering these sacraments, the priesthood. A priest may condemn his own soul to Hell, but you and I can't get to Heaven without him because Jesus gives us the necessary sanctifying grace through the sacraments, which are administered by the priest.
In His Sermon on the Mount, Jesus gave us all a command: "You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect" (Matthew 5:48). Wow!
Notice that Jesus did not say we must strive for perfection. He said we must become perfect — as perfect as God Himself. How perfect is the Father? He's infinitely perfect. So how do we obey this command from God? We obey this command by living all the truths of the Catholic faith and by receiving the sacraments often — especially by going to confession and then to receive Holy Communion when we know we're free of mortal sin.
Jesus, who understands us better than we understand ourselves because He created us, would never command us to do something impossible. He commands us to be perfect; that is, holy — to be a saint. Yes, all of us. And he gave us the Church, Her sacraments and Her holy priesthood for that purpose.
Resolve today to make a good examination of conscience and go to confession this week, after having made up your mind to obey Christ's command to be perfect. You'll be a lot happier and sleep much better. I promise.
Read part III of this series.